What do we mean by Disability & Neurodiversity?

Disability refers to a long-term physical or mental impairment that significantly affects an individual’s daily life, encompassing a range of conditions like mobility issues, sensory impairments, or mental health disorders. Neurodiversity, however, acknowledges the inherent variation in human brain function and processing, viewing neurological differences, such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and dyspraxia, as natural variations rather than deficits or disorders.

What is the law on Disability & Neurodiversity when it comes to workplace, recruitment and careers?

In the UK, the Equality Act 2010 is the primary legislation that protects individuals with disabilities, including those who are neurodiverse, from discrimination in various aspects of life, including recruitment and career progression. Employers are legally obligated to ensure equal opportunities for candidates and employees with disabilities, making necessary adjustments to accommodate their needs and ensuring that they are not treated less favourably due to their disability.

During the recruitment process, employers must avoid using discriminatory language in job advertisements and ensure that application procedures are accessible to all. Employers should also be prepared to make reasonable adjustments during interviews or assessments for candidates with disabilities. For example, this might involve providing additional time for completion of tasks, offering alternative formats for written materials, or ensuring the interview location is wheelchair accessible.

In the workplace, the law requires employers to make reasonable adjustments for employees with disabilities to enable them to perform their job duties effectively. This may involve adjusting work schedules, providing assistive technology, modifying workspaces, or offering additional support and training.

Employers should also be mindful of fostering an inclusive work environment, promoting understanding and awareness of disability and neurodiversity among all staff members, and providing equal opportunities for career development and advancement for employees with disabilities.

Specific considerations

Key organisations & resources

Calendar events

National Inclusion Week

Founded by Inclusive Employers, National Inclusion Week (NIW) is a week dedicated to celebrating inclusion and taking action to create inclusive workplaces.

Learn more about National Inclusion Week

Down Syndrome Awareness Month

Down Syndrome Awareness Month is dedicated to celebrating the abilities and achievements of individuals with Down syndrome while promoting understanding, acceptance, and inclusion.

Learn more about Down Syndrome Awareness Month

Dyslexia Awareness Week

Dyslexia Awareness Week is an annual event aimed at raising awareness about dyslexia, promoting understanding, and highlighting the potential and achievements of those with the condition.

Learn more about Dyslexia Awareness Week

UK Disability History Month

UKDHM 2023 provides an opportunity for all councils, service providers, education establishments, youth, play and sports organisations, health providers and employers to examine their approaches to disabled children and youth.

Learn more about UK Disability History Month

International Day for the Abolition of Slavery

The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery marks the date of the adoption, by the General Assembly, of the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (resolution 317(IV) of 2 December 1949).

Learn more about International Day for the Abolition of Slavery

Human Rights Day

In the decades since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, human rights have become more recognised and more guaranteed across the globe.

Learn more about Human Rights Day